SpringBoot调用.asmx后缀的webservice接口

目录

一、简介

二、示例

一、简介

最近在项目中,在与其他公司做对接中需要回调一个对方的接口,根据对方提供的接口地址,

发现是webservice的接口,而且接口后缀名为.asmx,因为现在webservice接口基本上都是wsdl这种形式,所以使用wsdl调用方式不能用,得使用其他方法。

WebService是一个SOA(面向服务的编程)的架构,它是不依赖于语言,不依赖于平台,可以实现不同的语言间的相互调用,通过Internet进行基于Http协议的网络应用间的交互。 其实WebService并不是什么神秘的东西,它就是一个可以远程调用的类,或者说是组件,把你本地的功能开放出去供别人调用。

二、示例

下面通过一个示例说明如何在SpringBoot中调用.asmx后缀的webservice接口。

【a】加入pom.xml的依赖

<!--WebService接口依赖-->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.axis</groupId>
            <artifactId>axis</artifactId>
            <version>1.4</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.axis</groupId>
            <artifactId>axis-jaxrpc</artifactId>
            <version>1.4</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.axis</groupId>
            <artifactId>axis-saaj</artifactId>
            <version>1.4</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>commons-discovery</groupId>
            <artifactId>commons-discovery</artifactId>
            <version>0.2</version>
            <exclusions>
                <exclusion>
                    <groupId>commons-logging</groupId>
                    <artifactId>commons-logging</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
            </exclusions>
        </dependency>

【b】定义WebService客户端参数字段类

package com.ly.cloud.common.webservice;

/**
 * @Description: WebService客户端参数字段类
 * @author: weishihuai
 * @Date: 2020/6/20 14:40
 */
public class ClientField {
    /**
     * 参数名称
     */
    private String paramName;
    /**
     * 参数类型
     */
    private Class<?> paramType;
    /**
     * 参数值
     */
    private Object paramValue;

    public ClientField() {
        super();
    }

    public ClientField(String paramName, Class<?> paramType, Object paramValue) {
        super();
        this.paramName = paramName;
        this.paramType = paramType;
        this.paramValue = paramValue;
    }

    public String getParamName() {
        return paramName;
    }

    public void setParamName(String paramName) {
        this.paramName = paramName;
    }

    public Class<?> getParamType() {
        return paramType;
    }

    public void setParamType(Class<?> paramType) {
        this.paramType = paramType;
    }

    public Object getParamValue() {
        return paramValue;
    }

    public void setParamVaule(Object paramValue) {
        this.paramValue = paramValue;
    }
}

【c】定义WebService客户端实体类

package com.ly.cloud.common.webservice;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * @Description: WebService客户端实体类
 * @author: weishihuai
 * @Date: 2020/6/20 14:39
 */
public class ClientBean {
    /**
     * WebService接口请求地址
     */
    private String endpointUrl;
    /**
     * WebService接口请求的命名空间
     */
    private String targetNamespace;
    /**
     * WebService接口请求actionUrl
     */
    private String actionUrl;
    /**
     * WebService接口请求方法名称
     */
    private String methodName;
    /**
     * WebService请求参数集合
     */
    private List<ClientField> clientFields;

    public ClientBean() {
        super();
    }

    public ClientBean(String endpointUrl, String targetNamespace,
                      String actionUrl, String methodName, List<ClientField> clientFields) {
        super();
        this.endpointUrl = endpointUrl;
        this.targetNamespace = targetNamespace;
        this.actionUrl = actionUrl;
        this.methodName = methodName;
        this.clientFields = clientFields;
    }

    public String getEndpointUrl() {
        return endpointUrl;
    }

    public void setEndpointUrl(String endpointUrl) {
        this.endpointUrl = endpointUrl;
    }

    public String getTargetNamespace() {
        return targetNamespace;
    }

    public void setTargetNamespace(String targetNamespace) {
        this.targetNamespace = targetNamespace;
    }

    public String getActionUrl() {
        return actionUrl;
    }

    public void setActionUrl(String actionUrl) {
        this.actionUrl = actionUrl;
    }

    public String getMethodName() {
        return methodName;
    }

    public void setMethodName(String methodName) {
        this.methodName = methodName;
    }

    public List<ClientField> getClientFields() {
        return clientFields;
    }

    public void setClientFields(List<ClientField> clientFields) {
        this.clientFields = clientFields;
    }
}

【d】创建NHWebServiceUtils.java工具类

package com.ly.cloud.common.webservice;

import org.apache.axis.client.Call;
import org.apache.axis.client.Service;

import javax.xml.namespace.QName;
import javax.xml.rpc.ParameterMode;
import javax.xml.rpc.encoding.XMLType;

/**
 * @description: WebService接口统一调用工具类
 * @author: weishihuai
 * @mail: weishihuai@ly-sky.com
 * @Date: 2020/6/20 14:39
 * @version: 1.0
 */
public class NHWebServiceUtils {

    /**
     * WebService请求发送方法
     *
     * @param clientBean 客户端请求发送实体类(包含一些请求参数、webservice接口地址等)
     * @return 通常返回XML格式的文本
     * <p>
     * 使用示例:
     * List<ClientField> clientFields = new ArrayList<>();
     * // 设置请求参数
     * ClientField field = new ClientField("strCardno", String.class, xh);
     * clientFields.add(field);
     * <p>
     * ClientBean clientBean = new ClientBean(
     * "http://202.192.41.136:8090/Service.asmx",
     * "ilasIII OpenAPI", "ilasIII OpenAPI/GetRdrFin",
     * "GetRdrFin", clientFields);
     * //返回XML
     * String returnXml = NHWebServiceUtils.sendWebServiceRequest(clientBean);
     */
    public static String sendWebServiceRequest(ClientBean clientBean) {
        try {
            Object[] paramValues;
            //实例化访问对象
            Service service = new Service();
            //实例化调用对象
            Call call = (Call) service.createCall();
            //在调用对象中添加WebService地址
            call.setTargetEndpointAddress(new java.net.URL(clientBean.getEndpointUrl()));
            paramValues = new Object[clientBean.getClientFields().size()];
            int i = 0;
            //设置入参,第一个参数是命名空间以及参数名,这两个参数是采用一个Qname变量打包传入的,第二个参数是入参的类型(字符或者数字)第三个参数是入参种类
            for (ClientField field : clientBean.getClientFields()) {
                QName qn = new QName(clientBean.getTargetNamespace(), field.getParamName());
                if (field.getParamType() == String.class) {
                    call.addParameter(qn, XMLType.XSD_STRING, ParameterMode.IN);
                } else if (field.getParamType() == int.class) {
                    call.addParameter(qn, XMLType.XSD_INT, ParameterMode.IN);
                } else if (field.getParamType() == Integer.class) {
                    call.addParameter(qn, XMLType.XSD_INTEGER, ParameterMode.IN);
                } else if (field.getParamType() == Double.class) {
                    call.addParameter(qn, XMLType.XSD_DOUBLE, ParameterMode.IN);
                } else if (field.getParamType() == Float.class) {
                    call.addParameter(qn, XMLType.XSD_FLOAT, ParameterMode.IN);
                } else if (field.getParamType() == Long.class) {
                    call.addParameter(qn, XMLType.XSD_LONG, ParameterMode.IN);
                } else {
                    throw new Exception("请确定传入参数类型是否正确,或者该参数类型还没有被注册。");
                }
                //获取参数值
                paramValues[i] = field.getParamValue();
                i++;
            }
            //设置返回值格式(字符串或者组装对象)
            call.setReturnType(XMLType.XSD_STRING);
            //是否是SOAPAction这里需要看WebService是否要求如下格式,如果没有要求可以不添加此设置
            call.setUseSOAPAction(true);
            //如果前面要求是SOAPAction的话需要添加下面设置,指定访问那个命名空间上的那个方法
            call.setSOAPActionURI(clientBean.getActionUrl());
            //在调用对象中添加WebService对应的命名空间,以及将要调用的函数名
            call.setOperationName(new QName(clientBean.getTargetNamespace(), clientBean.getMethodName()));
            String ret;
            //调用目标方法,设置参数值将返回值转换为String类型
            ret = (String) call.invoke(paramValues);
            return ret;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }

}

【e】调用示例

package com.ly.cloud.ws2;

import com.ly.cloud.common.webservice.ClientBean;
import com.ly.cloud.common.webservice.ClientField;
import com.ly.cloud.common.webservice.NHWebServiceUtils;
import com.ly.cloud.vo.interfacemng.InterfaceVO;
import org.apache.commons.collections.CollectionUtils;
import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
import org.dom4j.Document;
import org.dom4j.DocumentException;
import org.dom4j.DocumentHelper;
import org.dom4j.Node;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.util.*;

/**
 * @description: 图书馆还书WebService接口
 * @author: weishihuai
 * @date: 2020-06-19 19:59:44
 * @version: 1.0
 */
public class LibraryReturnBooksServiceImpl {

    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(LibraryReturnBooksServiceImpl.class);

    /**
     * 根据学号远程调用WebService接口查询学生图书馆还书情况
     *
     * @param xh     学号
     * @param params 参数
     * @return
     */
    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
    public static InterfaceVO getLxzt(String xh, Map<String, Object> params) {
        InterfaceVO resultMsg = new InterfaceVO();
        try {
            List<ClientField> clientFields = new ArrayList<>();
            // 设置参数
            ClientField field = new ClientField("strCardno", String.class, xh);
            clientFields.add(field);
            //图书馆还书
            ClientBean clientBean = new ClientBean(
                    "http://202.192.41.136:8090/Service.asmx",
                    "ilasIII OpenAPI", "ilasIII OpenAPI/RdrLoanSrch",
                    "RdrLoanSrch", clientFields);

            String returnXml = NHWebServiceUtils.sendWebServiceRequest(clientBean);
            logger.error("【图书馆还书】【" + xh + "】WebService接口返回XML: {}", returnXml);
            StringBuilder ddString = new StringBuilder("");
            if (StringUtils.isNotBlank(returnXml)) {
                resultMsg.success();
                //解析返回的XML数据
                Map<String, String> fieldXmlPaths = new HashMap<>();
                fieldXmlPaths.put("Title", "//RdrLoanInfo/Title");
                fieldXmlPaths.put("Callno", "//RdrLoanInfo/Callno");
                fieldXmlPaths.put("Barcode", "//RdrLoanInfo/Barcode");
                fieldXmlPaths.put("Local", "//RdrLoanInfo/Local");
                fieldXmlPaths.put("Author", "//RdrLoanInfo/Author");
                fieldXmlPaths.put("Loandate", "//RdrLoanInfo/Loandate");
                fieldXmlPaths.put("Returndate", "//RdrLoanInfo/Returndate");
                List<JSXX> studentBooksList = (List<JSXX>) parserXmlToEntity(returnXml, JSXX.class, fieldXmlPaths);
                logger.error("【图书馆还书】【" + xh + "】解析XML为studentBooksList: {}", studentBooksList);
                if (CollectionUtils.isNotEmpty(studentBooksList)) {
                    String bookTitle;
                    for (JSXX jsxx : studentBooksList) {
                        bookTitle = jsxx.getTitle();
                        if (!ddString.toString().contains(bookTitle)) {
                            ddString.append("《").append(bookTitle).append("》");
                        }
                    }
                    resultMsg.setMessage("未还书籍:" + ddString + "");
                    resultMsg.setBlzt("0");
                    logger.info("学生(" + xh + ")}的任务{图书馆还书}未完成!所借书籍{" + studentBooksList.get(0).getTitle() + "}");
                } else {
                    resultMsg.setBlzt("1");
                    resultMsg.setMessage("没有找到学号为{" + xh + "}的借还书记录!系统默认通过!");
                    logger.error("没有找到学号为{" + xh + "}的借还书记录!系统默认通过!");
                }
            } else {
                resultMsg.setBlzt("1");
                resultMsg.setMessage("没有找到学号为{" + xh + "}的借还书记录!系统默认通过!");
                logger.error("没有找到学号为{" + xh + "}的借还书记录!系统默认通过!");
            }
            resultMsg.setBlts(StringUtils.isNotBlank(ddString.toString()) ? "未还书籍:" + ddString + "" : "请求成功");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            resultMsg.failed();
            resultMsg.setBlts("请求出错,请与管理员联系! ");
            resultMsg.setMessage(e.getMessage());
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return resultMsg;
    }

    /**
     * 解析XML文本映射到实体类
     *
     * @param returnXml     XML文本
     * @param cls           解析生成后映射的Class类对象
     * @param fieldXmlPaths XMLPaths集合(XML中的标签路径) 如:
     * @return
     * @throws DocumentException
     */
    public static List<?> parserXmlToEntity(String returnXml, Class cls, Map<String, String> fieldXmlPaths) throws DocumentException {
        Document document;
        document = DocumentHelper.parseText(returnXml);
        try {
            //单独用来存属性
            List<String> filedNames = new ArrayList<>();
            //存放<属性,values>
            Map<String, List<Node>> map = new HashMap<>();
            if (fieldXmlPaths != null && fieldXmlPaths.size() > 0) {
                Iterator it = fieldXmlPaths.entrySet().iterator();
                while (it.hasNext()) {
                    Map.Entry entry = (Map.Entry) it.next();
                    Object key = entry.getKey();
                    Object value = entry.getValue();
                    List<Node> nodes = document.selectNodes(value.toString());
                    List<Node> list = new ArrayList<>();
                    for (Node node : nodes) {
                        list.add(node);
                    }
                    //循环放入属性-> 对应的节点
                    map.put(key.toString(), list);
                    filedNames.add(key.toString());
                }
            }

            List list = new ArrayList();
            //循环将节点的值放入到对象中,然后放入到list
            for (int i = 0; i < map.get(filedNames.get(0)).size(); i++) {
                Object instance = cls.newInstance();
                for (String fieldName : filedNames) {
                    String methodName = "set" + fieldName.substring(0, 1).toUpperCase() + fieldName.substring(1);
                    Method method = cls.getMethod(methodName, String.class);
                    method.invoke(instance, map.get(fieldName).get(i).getText());
                }
                list.add(instance);
            }
            return list;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
        for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++) {
            InterfaceVO interfaceVO = getLxzt("1607300009", null);
            System.out.println(interfaceVO);
        }
        long endTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
        System.out.println(endTime - startTime);
    }

}

/**
 * 借书信息类
 */
class JSXX {
    private String Title;
    private String Callno;
    private String Barcode;
    private String Local;
    private String Author;
    private String Loandate;
    private String Returndate;

    public String getTitle() {
        return Title;
    }

    public void setTitle(String title) {
        Title = title;
    }

    public String getCallno() {
        return Callno;
    }

    public void setCallno(String callno) {
        Callno = callno;
    }

    public String getBarcode() {
        return Barcode;
    }

    public void setBarcode(String barcode) {
        Barcode = barcode;
    }

    public String getLocal() {
        return Local;
    }

    public void setLocal(String local) {
        Local = local;
    }

    public String getAuthor() {
        return Author;
    }

    public void setAuthor(String author) {
        Author = author;
    }

    public String getLoandate() {
        return Loandate;
    }

    public void setLoandate(String loandate) {
        Loandate = loandate;
    }

    public String getReturndate() {
        return Returndate;
    }

    public void setReturndate(String returndate) {
        Returndate = returndate;
    }

    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "JSXX{" +
                "Title='" + Title + '\'' +
                ", Callno='" + Callno + '\'' +
                ", Barcode='" + Barcode + '\'' +
                ", Local='" + Local + '\'' +
                ", Author='" + Author + '\'' +
                ", Loandate='" + Loandate + '\'' +
                ", Returndate='" + Returndate + '\'' +
                '}';
    }
}

【f】启动main方法进行测试  

 public static void main(String[] args) {

        long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
        for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++) {
            InterfaceVO interfaceVO = getLxzt("1607300009", null);
            System.out.println(interfaceVO);
        }
        long endTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
        System.out.println(endTime - startTime);
    }

运行结果:

可见,调用webservice远程接口成功。

小总结:

  1. 添加axis相关的依赖包;
  2. 定义WebService客户端参数字段类;
  3. 定义WebService客户端实体类;
  4. 定义WebService接口统一调用工具类;
  5. 调用接口;
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